What is a Pattern?

Patterns are various fundamental movements, most of which represent either attack or defence techniques, set to a fixed or logical sequence. 

The student systematically deals with several imaginary opponents under various assumptions, using every available attacking and blocking tool from different directions. Thus pattern practice enables the student to go through many fundamental movements in series, to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movements, master body shifting, build muscles and breath control, develop fluid and smooth motions and gain rhythmical movements. 

It also enables a student to acquire certain special techniques which cannot be obtained from either fundamental exercises or sparring. 

In short, a pattern is a sequence of movements, performed against one or more imaginary opponents.


The following points should be considered when performing patterns:  

1. Patterns should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy

2. Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times

3. Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise 

4. The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness

5. Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions

6. Each pattern should be perfected before moving  to the next movement

7. Students should know the purpose of each movement

8. Students should perform each movement with realism 

9. Attack and defence techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet



The reason for 24 patterns:

‘The life of a human being, perhaps 100 years, can be considered as a day when compared with eternity. Therefore, we mortals are no more than simple travellers who pass by the eternal years of an aeon in a day.

It is evident that no one can live more than a limited amount of time. Nevertheless, most people follishly enslave themselves to materialism as if they could live for thousands of years. And some people strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy for coming generations, in this way, gaining immortality. Obviously, the spirit is perpetual while material is not. Therefore, what we can do to leave behind something for the welfare of mankind is, perhaps, the most important thing in our lives.

Here I leave Taekwon-Do for mankind as a trace of man of the late 20th century.

The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life.’

Major General Choi Hong Hi